Opened in 1973, the NVTC was one of five large regional institutions owned and operated by the Commonwealth. Originally, the facility was opened to provide housing and an array of services including medical, dental, social work, psychology, and nursing services including physical, occupational, and speech therapies to people with intellectual and physical disabilities.
The NVTC was once home to more than 250 residents on-site and employed more than 550 people providing services to residents and non-residents alike, including people coming from Fairfax, Alexandria, Arlington, Prince William and Loudoun Counties. (For more information on NVTC, please read the profile written by a former employee here.)
However, in the summer of 1999, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Olmstead v L.C. that unjustified segregating of people with disabilities from society constitutes discrimination and is a violation of Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act, which ultimately forced the NVTC to close in 2016. (For more information about the closure of the NVTC, The Connection newspaper ran a series of articles, including this article from April 2015.)
Today, the site is vacant with several buildings in a state of disrepair. As well, our initial diligence on the site found asbestos, which will need to be mitigated before any future use is possible.
Additionally, since it was a state-owned institution, it was also not subject to Fairfax County regulations requiring storm water and other environmental management, which will be required as part of any future use.
Below, we have included a small photo gallery of the site today: